Guidelines for Using Growth Hormone: Deciding When and When Not To

Created by Doctor Alex in Health, 3 months ago

Growth hormone-based medications, encompassing recombinant human growth hormone (hGH), have emerged as biotechnological advancements. They hold potential to aid growth in certain conditions, but their efficacy varies. Understanding the appropriate contexts for usage is crucial to avoid unwarranted regrets.

1. Unveiling Growth Hormone

Growth hormone, often abbreviated as GH, also referred to as somatotropic hormone (SH) or somatotropin, emanates from the anterior pituitary gland. GH exerts its influence across nearly all human tissues, spurring cellular growth both in size and division. It orchestrates diverse metabolic processes such as cellular protein synthesis, adipose tissue breakdown for energy release, and altered glucose utilization.

Moreover, GH indirectly affects bone and cartilage development. Its production aligns with circadian rhythms, tailored to each developmental stage.

guidelines for using growth hormone image 490_0

However, a child's height is influenced by myriad factors including genetics, thyroid and adrenal hormones, gonadal activity, diet, and mineral absorption like calcium, vitamin D3, and zinc.

2. Delving into Growth Retardation Causes

Growth hormone medications are synthesized via biotechnology, involving recombinant human genes (hGH). They find utility in specific ailments where growth enhancement is warranted. However, their effectiveness might be limited for children with modest height not stemming from GH deficiency (verified through blood GH level tests).

Individuals deficient in growth hormone may have adult heights as follows:

  • Male: 134 – 146 cm
  • Female: 128 – 134 cm
With growth hormone supplementation, improved final heights are observed, on average:
  • Male: increase by 8.7 – 10.7 cm
  • Female: increase by 7.7 – 9.5 cm
Recommended GH usage for GH deficiency entails a range of 23 to 39 mcg/kg/day (0.7 - 1.0 mcg/m2/day), administered subcutaneously during evenings. Regular check-ups (every 3-6 months) are imperative. These assess height increase, rate of growth, response to GH treatment, and potential side effects.

3. Prudent Use and Cautionary Restraints

3.1. Indications for Treatment

  • GH Deficiency: Lack of natural GH production necessitates supplementation.
  • Chronic Renal Failure: GH may be administered.
  • Turner Syndrome: Individuals with this condition might benefit.
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome: GH could be considered.
  • Small for Gestational Age Babies: Growth hormone might be employed.
  • Idiopathic Short Stature (ISS): GH treatment could be contemplated.

3.2. Careful Consideration

Growth hormone usage might not be effective for children of short stature not due to GH deficiency. While GH can significantly impact growth, its benefits in such cases might be limited.

In conclusion, judiciously weighing the indications for growth hormone supplementation is pivotal. Engaging in informed discussions with medical professionals, conducting thorough evaluations, and understanding the nuances of its effects can lead to informed decisions, averting potential regrets.

Answered by Doctor Alex, 3 months ago